Thursday, April 26, 2012

For Monday, please read the essay on honor, since we didn't get to it Wednesday. 

It was sent out by attachment  and posted here:
https://docs.google.com/open?id=1hkE7B9pCAitH_mixI1od4BE6ShIJrUkAAKGxjGcK3YixbPD8Mla2Vo9bkXyT

 

Are men oppressed?
Kenneth Latterbaugh

Introduction
Common Ground
·       Groups are oppressed, not individuals (or, individuals are oppressed for their group membership)
·       Oppression is systematic: response is revolution; it is worse then discrimination, which can be dealt with by reform.
Some theories of oppression: what are they? What are the author’s arguments that think they are false?
            Psychological theories
                        To be oppressed is …
                        There is oppression if and only if …
            Inequality theories
                        To be oppressed is …
                        There is oppression if and only if …
            Limitation theories
                        To be oppressed is …
                        There is oppression if and only if …
These theories, he argues, are false: how to develop a better theory? (294)
Dehumanization theory:
                        To be oppressed is …
                        There is oppression if and only if …
Are men – men as men -- oppressed, i.e., _____________?
1.     The socialization argument – what is it? Is it any good?
2.     The cost argument – what is it? Is it any good?
3.     The expendability argument -                            
Conclusion

Thursday, April 19, 2012

Due to an unexpected event, Friday (tomorrow) shall be research-for-sources day, for your projects. I encourage you to head to the library to get help from a librarian, as well as check the sources suggested below, and to contact me to review your ideas and get feedback.
I will be contacting certain people later today with more guidance on their projects. Stay tuned!
Thanks!
NN

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

The next step in the paper assignment is to find respectable philosophical and other relevant sources on your topic. By Monday, please have found at least three sources: email them and/or detailed information about them to Professor Nobis and/or turn them in in class.

Note: Professor Nobis has received responses about topics from many students, but not all. This was a graded assignment (which was due Monday) so if you have not turned this in yet and gotten positive feedback from Professor Nobis, this is currently late and should be turned in ASAP. Thanks!

Monday, April 9, 2012


WHAT DO YOU WANT TO BECOME AN EXPERT IN?

Final paper / project assignment, part 1:

By next Monday, find a topic(s). Talk, email and/or otherwise contact Professor Nobis about it, to check out your topic.

This should be a sex and/or gender-related philosophical or ethical topic: it can’t just be “pure” social science or science or some other merely observatory study. For it to be philosophical, there must be either some analysis of a concept or some normative claim(s) (about what’s morally right, wrong, just, unjust, should happen, etc.) presented and defended.

Professor Nobis will have a list of possible topics soon. 

Where to look?
  • Internet Encylopedia of Philosophy article on philosophy of sexuality: http://www.iep.utm.edu/sexualit/ " procreation, contraception, celibacy, marriage, adultery (non-monogamy or polyamoury), casual sex, flirting, prostitution , homosexuality, masturbation, seduction, rape, sexual harassment, sadomasochism, pornography, bestiality, and pedophilia" Check out the bibliography!
  • Google scholar
  • Amazon
  • Philosopher's Index (through the library)  http://www.auctr.edu/rwwl/Home/databasesincludinggalileob/tabid/109/Default.aspx#ReligionPhilosophy 
  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Charles Mills, Philosophy, Northwestern University

Do black men have a moral duty to marry black women? YES
·      Or, if men marry or have relationships with women, do they have a duty to be with black women?
o  Related question: do black women have a moral duty to marry black men?

         Who might answer ‘No’? Why?
         Who might answer ‘Yes’? Why?
-       “solidarity” … we gotta stuck together
-       We need to purify and darken the race…
-       To avoid “black extinction”
-       Would take away potential black fathers.. and black men .. away from black families
-       Against tradition … “that was something that black men used to get murdered for…”
-       Black women have questionable motives … “good hair”… black women are like this (too independent..) and I don’t like that… betrayal..
-       Troubled children…
-       Black men have a duty to marry black women to prove that some “ideal” is possible [?].. and actual..




Mills’ answer: we’re not told yet, but he reports this has been “a major point of contention in the black community for decades, particularly among black women” (135)

I.                
Comments on the question:
·      It’s because of the “differential social status of subordinated and dominant races” (135) that the case for “endogamy” (marriage within a special group as required by custom or law) might be respectable. Not just “nobody should marry outside of their race!” – unrespectable racism.
·      His arguments could apply to non-marital relationships.
·      He’s not going to discuss black women/white men relationships. Why?

II.
        
“If this notion seems strange and bizarre to most liberal white philosophers, then, this simply reflects the fact that, while the black male voice is still under-represented in the academic, the black female voice has until recently been silenced altogether” (138)

Similar remarks made at the end of the essay.

        
III

1.   The racial purification, or “Let’s get the cream out of the coffee” argument
2.   The racial caution, or “Don’t get the white folks mad” argument
3.   The racial solidarity, or “No Sleeping with the enemy” argument
4.   The racial demographics, or “Where are all the black men? argument
5.   The tragic mulattos-to-be, or “Burden on the children” argument
6.   The questionable motivations or “Maybe you can fool that stupid white bitch, nigger, and maybe you can fool yourself, but you’re not fooling anybody else,” argument

1.   The racial purification, or “Let’s get the cream out of the coffee” argument

a.    There are “pure” races. ??
b.   We have a duty to create or restore “pure’ races. Why?
c.    Interracial relationships violate this duty.
d.   Therefore, black men have a duty to marry black women.

Obviously this argument wouldn’t apply to couples who aren’t going to have children..

2.   The racial caution, or “Don’t get the white folks mad” argument

a.    Inter-racial relationships bother SOME white people and so set back the cause of civil rights (MAYBE, MAYBE NOT?).
b.   Any action that bothers while people and so sets back the cause of civil rights is wrong. F ???
c.    Therefore, inter-racial relationships are wrong.
d.   Therefore, black men have a duty to marry black women.

3.   The racial solidarity, or “No Sleeping with the enemy” argument

e.    People in inter-racial relationships are less likely to oppose racism and white supremacy (p. 143)
f.     Any relationships that make someone less likely to oppose racism and white supremacy is wrong.
g.    Therefore, inter-racial relationships are wrong.\
h.   Therefore, black men have a duty to marry black women.

“Successful” black men marry white women and leave the black community… (143)

4.   The racial demographics, or “Where are all the black men? argument

a.    If black men seek white women, then black women will not have the mates they desire.
b.   It’s wrong to deprive black women of the mates they desire. WHY???
c.    Inter-racial, esp. black men-white women relationships, deprive black women.
d.   So, inter-racial, esp. black men-white women relationships are wrong.

5.   The tragic mulattos-to-be, or “Burden on the children” argument
a.    Children of inter-racial couples have it especially tough (because they are victims of a special kind of racism). F?
b.   It’s wrong to bring about children who are victims in this way.
c.    Since black-white relationships might do this, they are wrong.
d.   Therefore, black men have a duty to marry black women

6.   The questionable motivations or “Maybe you can fool that stupid white bitch, nigger, and maybe you can fool yourself, but you’re not fooling anybody else,” argument

Black men have “questionable” motivations for marrying white women. (p. 149)
Any action motivated by questionable motives is wrong.
Therefore, black men marrying white women is wrong.


IV
Conclusions?



Wednesday, April 4, 2012